Welding is a common and a very important joining process in most industries, and of particular importance in the chemical, oil and gas industries, including for example, pipelines and storage tanks.
This 5-day training programme aim to provide the fundamental principles of welding and welding techniques, helping participants recognise various welding processes.
Principal emphasis is placed on:
- Understanding the types of welding processes.
- Appreciating the different types of welding joints.
- Recognising technical prints and symbols related to welding.
- Recognising weld defects and associated problems and learning about mechanical testing, failure of welds and Non Destructive Testing.
- Learning about basic welding metallurgy.
The course will cover the following areas;
- Types of welding process, including oxyacetylene, SMAW, TIG, MIG, and others.
- Types of joints and joint design will be introduced, e.g. but, square, grooved, bevel, butt, U, J and T, flush.
- Various weld defects and imperfections will be presented including, porosity, solidification cracking, hydrogen cracking, incomplete root fusion or penetration, residual stresses, reheat cracking, lamellar tearing, liquation cracking, slag inclusion and trouble shooting.
- Basic metallurgy will be presented and related to welding technology, including the weldabillity of ferrous and non ferrous metals, heat treatment and the significance of the heat affected zone, HAZ.
- Welding parameters, including standards, metal transfer, welding currents, shielding gas and electrode selection will be included in the course.
- Welding engineering drawing including standard welding symbols will be presented.
- Finally, mechanical testing and failure of welds will be presented in addition to non destructive techniques, NDT.
The course combines presentations and discussions of topics covered with relevant examples. It combines knowledge of fundamental principles related to welding processes, methods, and applicable standards and best industry practices and enforces learning with Question & Answer sessions to maximise the benefits to the participants.
Videos and computer simulation will be presented to emphasise relevant applications Relevant case studies will also be included.
Participants will be provided with comprehensive course notes and copies of presentation material that will be very valuable for detailed study and future reference.
Upon completion of this course, participants will have;
- Gained an understanding of the important principals of welding processes and joint design.
- Gained valuable knowledge, related to weld defects, properties and welding characteristics of various metals, mechanical and non destructive testing of welds.
- Acquire sufficient knowledge and skills to independently evaluate possible welding and design solutions.
- Enhanced their competence and productivity thereby improving their performance level and making additional value added contributions to their organisations
- The company will be able to understand and specify relevant welding processes, with cost effective outcomes.
- The company will be able to achieve measurable improvement through effective interaction between various engineering disciplines, including design, manufacturing, workshop, operation and maintenance functions.
- This will also lead to improvement in operating and financial performance, and lead to improvement and optimisation of relevant welding processes.
The Core Competencies
At the end of the seminar, the delegates should be able to;
- Understand the use and application of welding techniques and standards
- Understand the various types of welding joints
- Learn about the different types of electrodes and standards
- Appreciate the variations of welding various types of metals
- Know, through the study of basic metallurgy, how heat treatment may be used to overcome some of the problems associated with welding, including the HAZ
- Recognise and define the basic types of welding defects and failure
- Learn how NDT can be used to detect weld defects.
- Understand how to apply materials testing techniques to examine the strength and quality of welded joints
- Gain an understanding of corrosion test methods and interpretation of results
The Programme Content
Introduction and Weld Joint Design
- Introduction, welding terminology, codes and standards, welding failure and case studies.
- Introduction to quality, meeting requirements, customer satisfaction, quality control, how can quality be achieved?
- Weld joint design, load performance, types of joints, butt joint, square, grooved butt joint, single V, Double V butt Joint, bevel and double bevel butt, U, J and T, flush.
- Welding techniques, positional welding, backing, examples, butt welds without backing
- Welding processes, process options, benefits, problems and applications, oxyacetylene process, fusion welding processes, shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), submerged arc welding, TIG welding, solid wire MIG welding, types of flux/electrodes, metal transfer mode, power source and welding current, arc starting, shielding gas, operating characteristics, applications.
- Arc welding electrodes, US standard electrodes, electrode identification, electrode size and currents, common electrode types, extended electrode classification examples, BS classification of electrodes.
Welding Defects and Imperfections
- Welding defects, introduction, heat affected zone, HAZ, weld defects and imperfections, porosity, solidification cracking, hydrogen cracking, incomplete root fusion or penetration, residual stresses and cracking, reheat cracking, lamellar tearing, liquation cracking, slag inclusion.
- Geometric shape imperfections - types and causes, excess weld metal, undercut, overlap (cold lapping), linear misalignment, incomplete filled groove, trouble shooting.
Welding Technical Prints, Symbols and Basic Metallurgy
- Welding drawings (symbols), introduction, types of projection, welding joints, symbols for welds, parts of the welding symbols, placement of welding symbols, special welds, weld all around, field weld symbols and multiple reference lines.
- Basic metallurgy crystalline structure of metals, crystal growth an overall bulk solidification of metals, solid solution, inter-metallic compounds, diffusion, micro-structure of carbon steel, heat treatment of steel, critical cooling rate and mass effect, heat affected zone (HAZ) in Welding, HAZ of carbon and alloy steels, HAZ of stainless steel.
- Materials for welded sections, weldability of steel groups, stainless steels, cast irons, aluminium alloys, filler alloys, avoiding weld imperfections.
Materials Testing and Non Destructive Testing (NDT)
- Materials testing and failure, tensile testing, properties obtained from the tensile test, ductility and fracture in metals, impact testing (Izod and Charpy), transition temperature, hardness tests (Vickers and Rockwell), failure due to fracture, stress concentration, fracture toughness, fatigue failure, improving fatigue resistance, creep failure, destructive testing of welds, bend tests, bead-on-plate test, controlled thermal severity (C.T.S.) test, the test and assessment hierarch.
- Non destructive testing (NDT), definition and purpose of non-destructive testing, engineering demands for sounder materials, ensuring the integrity and reliability, maintaining uniform quality level of a product, dye penetrant , magnetic methods, X-ray methods, g - ray methods, ultra-sonic methods, eddy current testing, selection of N. D. T. methods, ISO standards for NDT Inspection.
The adage that “knowledge” is power holds very true in this industry. In order to maximize results we are constantly updating and upgrading ourselves. This commitment to ongoing skills development is one of the reasons we are success, the belief that there is a “better way to do things” is what motivates us each and every day. By aligning with us you are going to benefit from our years of expertise in real world scenarios. Classroom learning is great but there is no substitute to real world experience which is what we are bringing to the table.See all Petro Training - Malaysia courses