Optometrists examine eyes, prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses, and recommend treatments such as exercises to correct vision problems or ocular disorders. They work in private practice, clinics, hospitals and health centers.
Optometrists perform some or all of the following duties:
- Examine patients' eyes, conduct tests and use ophthalmoscopes, biomicroscopes and other specialized instruments to determine visual efficiency,
- Prescribe treatment (excluding surgery and medicines) to conserve, improve and correct vision and other ocular disorders
- Prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses, educate and counsel patients on contact lens use and care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, working distances and safety factors
- Refer patients to ophthalmologists or other physicians and surgeons for treatment of ocular or other diseases or conditions.