Business Finance


Updated on 21 March, 2016

Course details

Course Outline

Basics of Financial Accounting

  • Accounting as an Information System
  • Users of Financial Statements
  • Understanding the Annual Report
  • Accounting Assumptions and Principles
  • Accrual Basis of Accounting

Understanding Financial Statements

  • The Income Statement: Definitions and Basic Format
  • The Balance Sheet Equation: Assets, Liabilities & Shareholders’ Equity
  • Statement of Retained Earnings
  • The Cash Flow Statement
  • Classification of Cash Flows
  • Operating, Investing and Financing Activities

Financial Statement Analysis

  • How to “Interpret” & “Analyze” Financial Statements
  • Evaluating Financial Performance
  • Ratio Analysis
  • Common Size Analysis
  • Main Groups of Financial Ratios
  • Analyzing Liquidity: Net Working Capital, Current Ratio & Quick (Acid-test) Ratio
  • Liquidity Measures
  • Asset Management: Inventory Turnover, Average Collection Period, Average payment Period, Fixed Assets Turnover, Total Assets Turnover
  • Analyzing Debt: Debt Ratio, Debt-Equity ratio, Times Interest Earned
  • Analyzing Profitability: Gross Profit, Operating Profit and Net Profit Margin
  • Return on Total Assets, Return on Equity, Earnings per Share & Price/Earnings Ratio

Time Value of Money

  • The role of time value of Money in finance
  • Future Value Calculation: Simple and compounding
  • Nominal vs. Effective Interest Rates
  • Present Value Calculation

Cost of Capital

  • Basic Concepts & Definitions
  • Cost of Debt
  • Cost of retained Earnings
  • Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

Capital Budgeting

  • Capital Budgeting Analysis
  • Capital Expenditures
  • The Three Stages of Capital Budgeting Analysis

Present Value Calculation

  • Calculating the Present Value of Two Cash Flows
  • Calculating Net Investment
  • Three Economic Criteria for Evaluating Capital Projects: Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) & Discounted Payback Period
  • Why the NPV And IRR Sometimes Select Different Projects
  • When Are The NPV And IRR Reliable?
  • Basic Steps of Capital Budgeting

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