Volatile global markets, proliferation of new financial products and changing regulatory environments have made Asset Liability Management (ALM) a critical function for banks and financial institutions today. It is therefore becoming increasingly important to define, measure, monitor and manage an institution's exposure to Foreign Exchange, Interest Rate and Liquidity Risks on a coordinated and consistent basis.

After Completing this course you will be able to:

  • Use ALM to meet regulatory/solvency/liquidity requirements
  • Control and diversify risk
  • Reduce mismatches
  • Establish strategic directions
  • Add value creation, Risk-adjusted Return on Capital (RAROC) and Capital Allocation

Course Outline

  1. Scope of ALM
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Interest Rate Risk
    • Foreign Exchange Risk
    • Commodity Risk
    • Stock Market Risk
    • Liquidity Risk
    • Credit Risk
  2. Objectives of ALM
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Rate Scenario Table
    • Short Term and Long Term Risk
  3. Growing Relevance of ALM
    • Objectives
    • Nature and Significance of ALM
    • Financial Volatility
    • Explosion of New Products
    • Regulatory Initiatives
    • Management Recognition
  4. A Nine-part Framework for ALM
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Strategic Framework
    • Organizational Framework
    • Operational Framework
    • Analytical Framework
    • Technology Framework
    • Information Reporting Framework
    • Performance Measurement Framework
    • Regulatory Compliance Framework
    • Control Framework
  5. Strategies of ALM
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • On Vs. Off-Balance Sheet Strategy
  6. Yield Curve Analysis
    • Objectives
    • Introduction to Yield Curve Analysis
    • Types of Yield Curves
    • Analyzing Yield Curve
    • Bond Arbitrage Strategies
    • Application of Yield Curve
  7. Interest Rate Gap Analysis - I
    • Objectives
    • Introduction to Gap
    • Gap Report
    • Considerations in Slotting of Different Items
  8. Interest Rate Gap Analysis – II
    • Objectives
    • Income Impact
    • Gap Limits
    • Restructuring Strategies
    • Strengths and Limitations
  9. Interest Rate Gap Analysis – III
    • Objectives
    • Asset Restructuring Strategy
    • Liability Restructuring Strategy
    • Growth Strategy
    • Shrinkage Strategy
    • Off-Balance Sheet Strategy
  10. Simulation and Scenario Analysis - I
    • Objectives
    • Introduction to Simulation
    • Measuring Risk Positions
    • Scenarios and Results
    • Simulation Modeling
    • Backtesting
  11. Simulation and Scenario Analysis – II
    • Objectives Non-specific Maturity Items Business Strategies Monte Carlo Simulation Software Packages Strengths and Limitations
  12. Duration I
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Duration Vs. Yield
    • Duration Vs. Maturity
    • Duration Vs. Coupon
  13. Duration II
    • Objectives
    • Duration of a Perpetual Bond
    • Duration of a Bond with Embedded Options
    • Duration of Portfolio
    • Duration of Off-Balance Sheet Items
    • Approximation in Duration
    • Gap Vs. Duration
    • Payment Frequency
    • Strategies for Risk Management
  14. Duration III
    • Objectives
    • Duration of Equity and Leverages
    • Examples
    • Duration of Complex Items
    • Leveraged Inverse Floaters
    • Zero Coupon Yield Curve
    • Comparison
  15. Duration IV
    • Objectives
    • Duration of Complex Items
    • Zero Coupon Yields Curve
    • Comparison
  16. Strategies for Internal Risk Management
    • Objectives
    • Dedication
    • Immunization
    • Indexation
    • Active Management
    • Rate Anticipation
  17. Basis Point Value
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Calculation of Basis Point Value for On-Balance Sheet Items
    • Calculation of Basis Point Value for Off-Balance Sheet Items
    • Basis Point Value of a Portfolio
  18. Convexity
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Definition of Convexity
    • Convexity Calculation
    • Convexity and Yield
    • Convexity, Maturity, Coupon and Price Change
    • Convexity of Portfolio
    • Positive and Negative Convexity
  19. Review of Statistical Concepts
    • Objectives
    • Statistical Measures
    • Normal Distribution
    • Correlation
    • Volatility and Standard Deviation
  20. Value at Risk -I
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Measures of Risk Exposure
    • Computation of VaR
    • Strengths and Limitations of VaR
  21. Value at Risk -II
    • Objectives
    • VaR for Foreign Currency Spot and Options
    • VaR for Foreign Exchange Forward
    • VaR for Common Shares
    • VaR for Fixed Income Securities
    • VaR of a Portfolio
    • Applications of VaR
  22. Application of Analytical Techniques
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Concepts and Assumptions
    • Application
    • Practices
    • Case Study I
    • Case Study II
  23. AL Organization
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Composition of ALCO
    • Scope of ALCO
    • Properties
  24. ALCO Meetings
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • ALCO Meetings
    • ALCO Data Requirements
  25. ALM Policies and Procedures
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Policy Statement
    • Procedure Manual
    • ALCO Reports
  26. Funds Transfer Pricing
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Concepts
    • Review of Risks
    • Practices
  27. Funds Transfer Pricing - Practices
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Analysis of Techniques
  28. Audit of ALM
    • Objectives
    • Introduction
    • Overall Approach
    • Audit

The Professional Risk Managers' International Association (PRMIA) is a non-profit professional association, governed by a Board of Directors directly elected by its global membership. PRMIA is represented globally by 45 chapters in major cities around the world, led by Regional Directors appointed by PRMIA's Board.

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